Sloyd knives

Hand tools
Boring tools

Grinding tools
Hammering tools
Holding tools (other)
Layout tools
Micrometer caliper
Sloyd knives
Steel scale
Vernier calipers
Wire gages

Cutting threads
Layout metalworking
Nuts & bolts

Bolting woodwork
Cutting woodwork
Finishing woodwork
Glueing woodwork
Jointing woodwork
Layout & testing
Layout, using paterns
Lumber & lumbering
Measuring with rule
Nails for woodwork
Painting wood
Screws woodwork
Shaping woodwork
Structure of wood
Try square usage

The sloyd knife is a layout tool involving the use of the point. The shank of the blade passes through the ferrule and into the handle where it is pinned in place with a rivet.

In use, it should be held almost perpendicular to the surface on which the line is to be scribed, with the sharp edge facing in the direction in which the line is to be scribed.

Sloyd knife

A straightedge or trysquare is used to guide the knife. It must be held securely against the stock, and the blade of the knife must be kept in contact with the straightedge or try-square.

When scribing lines with the grain the knife will have a tendency to follow the grain, pulling away from the straightedge or pushing the straightedge away from the reference marks which locate the position of the line. This difficulty can be avoided by scribing the line lightly at first, and if necessary going over it a second time to deepen the cut.

Keep your fingers away from the edge of the tool or the knife may slice off the tip of your fingers as it passes them.

A knife must be kept sharp if it is to do the work expected of it. Sharpening a knife consists of three operations: removing nicks, rebeveling, and honing. It is not always necessary to do all three. Nicks that are large enough to be visible must be removed on the grindstone.

This is done by laying the blade flat on the tool rest, with the edge of the blade resting squarely against the stone. The edge of the blade should be pressed lightly against the stone and then drawn slowly and evenly across the stone; repeat the operation until all nicks have been removed. This flattens the cutting edge, and must be followed by regrinding the bevel.

Sharpen a knife

The rebeveling of the knife is done on the grindstone. The grinding should be done on both sides of the blade. Place the knife on the stone with the bevel in contact with the face of the stone, holding it at the same angle throughout the entire grinding operation.

Move the knife slowly across the face of the stone, from side to side, then turn it over and repeat the operation to grind the bevel on the other side. Care must be taken not to burn the tool. This can be prevented by using only a light pressure on the knife on the stone and by removing the knife from the stone and dipping it in water to cool the blade.

Honing should be done on an oilstone. If a knife is quite dull but does not need rebeveling, honing should be started on a coarse stone. Place the knife on the stone with the bevel in contact with the stone.

Apply pressure to the blade on the pushing stroke. When the blade is turned over, apply pressure on the pulling stroke. Continue this operation on the edge appears. The wire edge is worked off on a fine oilstone.

After rebeveling in which the wire edge appears, the use of a coarse oilstone can be dispensed with and the work of removing the wire edge can be done on the fine oilstone.