Layout, using patterns, for woodwork

Hand tools
Boring tools
Chisels

Files
Gouges
Grinding tools
Hammering tools
Holding tools (other)
Knives
Layout tools
Micrometer caliper
Planes
Pliers
Saws
Screwdrivers
Sloyd knives
Steel scale
Vernier calipers
Vises
Wire gages

Metalworking
Cutting threads
Drilling
Filing
Hacksawing
Layout metalworking
Nuts & bolts
Riveting

Woodworking
Bolting woodwork
Cutting woodwork
Finishing woodwork
Glueing woodwork
Jointing woodwork
Layout & testing
Layout, using paterns
Lumber & lumbering
Measuring with rule
Nails for woodwork
Painting wood
Screws woodwork
Shaping woodwork
Structure of wood
Try square usage

Stock that is to be laid out in other than a geometric design requires the use of a pattern. A pattern is a full-sized outline of the shape to which the material is to be cut. It may be made of paper, cardboard, thin wood, or metal. The way in which a pattern is placed on the stock will depend on how the pattern is laid out. When the pattern has been properly placed on the stock, it is traced onto the wood.

A piece of stock which must be symmetrical (with its opposite sides shaped identically) requires the use of a half-pattern. When such a pattern is used, a center line must be drawn on the stock to establish the location of the pattern; then the pattern is placed on the center line. The outline of the pattern is marked on the surface of the stock with a pencil.

Then the pattern is turned over and placed on the other side of the center line, and the outlining of the pattern is repeated. A pattern that does not require the use of a center line is shown. Such a pattern is the complete outline of the shape to which the stock is cut.

The stock is cut to a rough outline by the use of a coping saw or compass saw, by sawing a little outside the line to allow sufficient material to smooth the sawed surfaces.